Friday, October 5, 2018

Ideal Teacher Poetry

The Criterion, an International Journal of English has published my poem on "Being an Ideal Teacher: What I should DO and BE" in its Volume 9 Issue 1 (February 2018). It is available in the following link:

Wednesday, November 21, 2012

My Travel Memoir

Backwarded Mentality, Human Progress, and Dashain
-Krishna Kumar Yogi
 For Dashain and Tihar celebration, I headed towards my home village Gamaudi, Dailekh from capital city of Nepal, Kathmandu as I have been lecturing at different colleges from PCL to master levels English. During my visit, I saw different things, different happenings, and different people with different mentality of innumerable nature. These were all about people’s behavior, happiness, progress, mentality and their ways of dealing and being. 
Our travelling tale began from Gangabhu bus stand, Kathmandu. We, two Mukundra Bikram Shah and I myself got up the bus heading towards Nepalgunj as we set our journey with plannings for shopping, meeting with relatives, visiting places (Desh Darshan) and observing the pains and perils of people in and around area as common people.
I especially was vigilant towards innumerable incidents during my visit which were connected to many different dimensions of society, its problems and prospects and the adjacent issues. These phenomena made us to think a lot for the human peace, progress, prosperity, and pleasure to attain and the consequent reasons behind. I interrogated myself for different causes and consequences where we can(n’t) do something for the upliftment of life standard of people.
I encountered people with different mentality, viewpoints and beliefs which were one way or other linked with people’s earning of their livelihood. People shared with various profession, vocation, occupation, background and upbringing so as they have different mentality. Up to Nepalgunj, I was not that much aware about. During Nepalgunj visit, I noticed people with backwarded mentality. The deep rooted, such mentality is the product of what they see, do and perform. Some of the instances were, people retuning back from India working as labourers. I talked to some of those who earned their livelihood anyway on the Nepalgunj-Surkhet and Surkhet-Dandimadi bus. Most of them were drinking alcohol more than what their body resists. One of them shared, “We finished off our money that we earned in different parts of India such as Simla, Chandigadh and Almoda. Those who came from Qatar and Malaysia seemed to be happy.” These people whom I talked were during my Bardiya visit. I guessed they could have gone with loans and came with the same or multiplied loan on their head.
Economically, they are just spending the money. They have done nothing. Neither they have saved nor invested their money anywhere for the productive work. Even there is no drastic change in their life style except the time they could have drunk. What to say it about??? It is what their minds say, they have been doing. They keep themselves fed and were coming for Dashain festival. It may be taken as one of the positives among multiple negatives.
One of the incidents at Tallo Dungeshwore touched me a lot. A woman with bare feet in the scorching sun waiting for the customers for the selling of her cucumbers, this pathetic situation made me think about those great planners at National Planning Commission, the Chamber and Commerce, local NGOs and INGOs who could have facilitate in her in selling. She was just waiting as if someone is “Waiting for Goddot.” What she could have done, nobody bought her cucumbers? How she could have managed to celebrate Dashain? 
After encountering all these, I came to realize that it is the mentality that charatcterizes who you are. It is the mentality who you will be identified by. It is the mentality that caused what you are performing.  So, the mentality makes man. Mentality makes a man successful. Mentality makes man unsuccessful. The success and unsuccess of people, in fact depends wholly on how people think and how they act or react over things in and around them. The poverty and richness of an individual greatly relies on the mentality. How s/he acts is greatly caused by what and how they think, and feel. Those, who work outside Nepal have to think at least about their family, family’s peace, and pleasure to achieve and problems to solve. No problem, if they don’t think about their nation and its development.
Human development indicators depend on they think and how they act i.e. mentality. How people think is guided by what is there in mind. Mind is the destiny of man. How one utilizes or mobilizes the mind characterizes people civilized or barbarous. It is unfortunate that those working manpower in foreign land as laboueres have been too much overloaded by their servitude mentality. Most of them were noticed to be over-drunk. I think there have been lots of hidden realties behind.  Where is the change in their social behavior? Why are not people aware of their own?  Why can’t they think in a positive manner? Why can’t they think saying, “I can?” Most importantly why can’t they change their mentality?
According to 21st century prominent philosopher, Gayatri Chakravarti Spivak, people have to be trained their imagination. The training to the imagination is a difficult enterprise.  It needs decades to change their mentality with the campaigns of literacy and such. Until they change their mentality, they cannot have any progress. Though progress and regress are not directly related to the mind but it has a lot to do in connection to people’s peace and progress, pleasure and prosperity. In fact, human prosperity lies at the heart of their mentality. One must be trained to his/her imagination to improve the life style one has been earning. Mentality makes the progress. Mentality derives us towards regress. Problems begin with mentality, upbringing, social status, intuition, assumptions, beliefs, and viewpoints. Let’s train our imagination. Let’s change our mentality. Let’s change in our behavior. Let’s learn the courteous way how we behave. Let’s learn the socialized way to talk and walk, act and react.

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Sunday, September 30, 2012

Acquiring Wisdom and Our Education
By Krishna Kumar Yogi
Acquiring wisdom is a difficult enterprise where one needs to have critical minds and critical eyes. Does our education facilitate to acquire wisdom? Does our education aim for that? Does our education focus on quality or quantity? These are some of the Yakshya questions prevailing in the education system of Nepal. We need to evaluate whether our education proves to be useful in this light.

Wisdom keeps us in freedom and helps us to live free life where there are the seeds of peace, pleasure, prosperity and progress. It is always upright in direction.  In this sense, acquiring knowledge is different than that of acquiring wisdom. In this connection, we have two words to analyze namely, study and observation. Study and observation should go hand in hand as a part of teaching learning activities. Our context, circumstances, mentality, orientation, situationalities are often found to be adversary in teaching learning enterprise. Most importantly, we need to take into account thinking deeply if we are able to distinguish between study and observation. Problems lie there as well. Study is limited to how to know or process of gaining knowledge which lacks the strong foundation for preparation of life. Wisdom lies perhaps on the top most level of hierarchy of teaching learning activities that provide more than the essentialities for life.

Education depends solely on teaching learning activities. It is said that education has to liberalize an individual. Have we ever evaluated or sought answers, why our education hasn’t been successful to liberate people? This is the foremost question everyone has to ponder into. It seems bitter the stark reality to everyone, i.e. students are neither found to be acquiring some basic skills to run life nor are they prepared in life regarding what is to be done further. In difficult juncture of life they lack the life skills to save, secure and protect their future. 

Instead, unfortunately our education has enslaved us. We are one way or other the slaves of education, educational system because it is guided by conventional culture and customs, religions and priory knowledge. Sometimes we are the slaves of emotionality, sentiments and sometimes the social codes and conducts and the society itself through which students are enslaved. There are many instances be noticed where educated individuals are the victims of enslavement, servitude, narrow-mindedness and the like. This enslavement is a true enemy of education and wisdom. The new ways of servitude are introduced nowadays such as slavery of technology, political ideology, philosophy, bookish knowledge, old knowledge, culture, religion, stereotypes, profession, vocation, occupation and so on.

We have ever been chained. We are chained in every respect whoever we are, whatever we do and so on. The difference is somebody could be chained by iron or somebody by gold handcuff.  Whatever sorts of chain it is, chain is chain.

Students are enslaved themselves with the prescribed books, they can’t go beyond them. Students of technology are chained by technology. Even science students can’t go beyond their syllabus. The same thing happens for everyone else though they are the exceptions. Teachers are enslaved by their old knowledge because they are not free from “the known”.  This tendency is a true enemy to their attainment of wisdom. Parents are enslaved by their ancestry, their heritages, their culture, their languages and their legacies.  These demarcating lines are obstacles. We are unfortunate, and coward in this case. We never dare to know and observe. What is the value of our education, then? What is the function of education?

In the name of knowledge, we are knowingly or unknowingly appreciating the illusory face of knowledge which is terrible and horrible in nature. If we are not able to distinguish and appreciate the true knowledge, we are no more successful in our mission. Here Stephen Hawking’s saying is commendable. “The greatest enemy of knowledge is not ignorance, it is the illusion of knowledge.” I think it is better to check ourselves on those very lenses. How much we have learnt throughout our life is to be testified whether we are still living in the illusionary face of knowledge. Have we realized the true nature of knowledge? Have we been able to differentiate between ‘what is true to reality’ or ‘the mirage of knowledge’? Have we ever been able to see the things in and around us as they are? What about our skills of observing, detecting, seeing and noticing and analyzing? 

Our goal of education should not be limited to just knowing. It should focus on understanding and observing. Einstein’s ideas can be meaningful to cite over here as he states, ‘Every fool knows but the question is to understand.’ Understanding counts much more than anything else in life. The social, cultural, national, international, spiritual, and emotional and many other issues have been connected in life which is the parts of understanding. Perhaps he could have thought understanding means to be practical where one explores him/herself, discovers him/herself realizing their potentialities.  Why these aspects disregarded? With the passage of time, there are more challenges are added to our education. Since everywhere the waves of change occur. Our education and education system should clear the Illusion. Every stockholder should be responsible for that where students of today should be good man and useful citizens for tomorrow. Education in general should help making us better, greater, creative and responsible.

The writer can be reached at: Or 

Tuesday, September 11, 2012

Dailekh: Our Identity Our Pride

-Krishna Kumar Yogi

As Patricia Briggs stated in her Cry Wolf, ‘Identity was partly heritages, partly upbringing, but mostly the choices you can make in life.’  Of course, there is the role of every petty thing in the formation of an individual’s identity. What we inherit makes our identity, how we have been brought up has a share for our identity and our ‘will to power ‘also has a much to do in an integrated process of identity formation.
Identity formation is simple and complex both. Writers create their identities devoting their entire life, dancers amuse the audience, and singers touch the heart and minds of people and remain in the process of identity formation. Through their performance they create their identity.

Preserving identity is preserving dignity. So, if we intend to preserve the dignity let’s preserve our identity and history and heritages that we are with. Our district history is no more written/documented/inscribed in a history book. Therefore remembering a saying by one of the writers before I can say I am, I was. Why not to keep our history intact? Why not to focus the past? Past heralds the future. If we prioritize the past and protect it, and do accordingly the future generations will learn and thank us for our wonderful deeds. Otherwise, they will curse us always.

The identity and (un)success of the upcoming generation go hand in hand. On time, let’s activate ourselves and preserve, promote, conserve and disclose our heritages, history, archeology and religiosity along with sacred pilgrimages amazing fire blazing temples available in Dailekh district. Our district is to be shown to others. Our present outstanding task introduces our district. We must show ‘who we are’ and ‘how we perform’ and so on.

The questions like ‘who we are,’ ‘how are we indentified’ among people in and around us and ‘how we work is’ make our identity. Everyone struggles for identity making in one or other way. The whole or sole objective of people’s life is directed towards the formation of identity. Why not to initiate? It is one of the realities of life among the infinite ones in our surrounding. Our delay doing is decay doing in this mission. Let’s change our mentality on time.

The dynamic and changing nature of life teaches us to perceive life as a process of attainment, achievement and affection as psychologists say. Through these all, we are trying to form the garland of identity which introduces us among many unfamiliar faces, heterogeneous heads. Whatsoever the hardships come on the highway of life, we combat or leave them and learn the lesson from these difficult circumstances. Therefore, life is more than what we think rather it is how we live, learn, enjoy and entertain. Along with amusing aspects of life, suffering, pains and perils can be met on the highway of life.

To ensure for better highway of Dailekhi people’s life, through this article, I would like to appeal to everyone let’s (re)make our identity because it is our pride. It is our dignity. It is our history and heritage. It is our soul and life both and what not? Thinking the history of Dailekh inextricably linked to identity of Dailekh district and Dailekhi people. Our identity is mostly the choices that we make in life. As Mary Pipher envisions further- If you don’t know your history, if you don’t know your family, who are you? It sounds not that much good for politicians, intellectuals, businesspersons and everyone who share this land of Dailekh not knowing their own origin, history, heritage and ancestry. For that cause, let’s do something concrete and positive to protect and promote our history, heritages and to enlarge and disseminate about them as much as possible nationally and internationally.

The writer can be reached at: or

Published on: Dhamaka Daily Dailekh, 2067-05-23. 
It is also available on:

Thursday, August 23, 2012

Perils of Humanity

Recent Picture of Humanity

Humanity is a special feature qualifying someone as human. Humanity is not anything far away from mankind, it is what within them. The definition of humanity given in Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary is: “Human beings collectively; the human race; people or being humane; kind-heartedness” (Hornby 608). So, this definition emphasizes on the collectiveness of becoming human or becoming mankind. It also envisions 'humans' as merciful creatures that kind-heartedness is the characteristics trait of human beings which most of the animals lack. According to the Dictionary of Philosophy humanity is, “The quality of being human or the quality of being humane, kindness, benevolence; beneficence” (Mautner194). So, humanity embodies  the underlying features that meet the requirements as human. Probably, it may focus and differentiate human with animals available in our surrounding. Humans characterize themselves with politeness, sympathy, love and affection that are called human virtues. Obviously, this definition could term human as somebody with a loving heart, and who is full of virtues.  Lacking the demon and animalistic instinct is another quality of human.
A clearly distinguishing feature that separates humans from other species is their orientation to others. It means humans necessarily do not live for them rather they live for others where humanity echoes. People like Buddha, Socrates  have compassion, tenderness and feelings for others. Their sharing and caring nature pushes the cycle of the mankind world wheels ahead. It means humans are philanthropic in their life activities. In this regard, we can say that living for others is humanity. Living in its own is not humanity, it’s mere animality which portrays the present picture of humanity in the entire world. It is a theoretical glass on humanity. In this essay, I will try to explain the present situation of humanity, its diverse understanding and practice in the life of today’s man.  
What is the real face of humanity then? Let us pragmatically goggle at the changing face  of humanity in Nepal and throughout the world. Humanity is to appreciate love, affection and support. There is a drastic change in the practice and understanding of humanity. It seems to go with the life of crises and woes, pains and problems. For example, some people of Nepal are categorized as untouchables and are not allowed to enter the house of so called upper caste people. People forget the sense of respect and honour. They are money minded and too much materialistic. They turn to be hallow and empty-headed. Is it humanity?  With massive influence of materialistic and individualistic mode of lifestyle, people are turning to be heartless. They have enough food but they do not want to distribute to the poor. Thus, cruelty is ruling over them. How much pathetic juncture humanity has moved through?
In the name of humanity, bad attitudes like cruelty, disloyalty, injustice, falsity are dominating human beings. Human beings are found to be killers, murderers, and criminals which never suit them. This reflects the lack of values, better culture with sense of responsibility and discipline in life. As a result, humanity is going through trauma and troublesome, ignorance and ineducation, disease and depression, storms and stress. In this way, struggling with deprivations humanity transfers vices and bad attitudes to the upcoming generation.
Generations and generations will suffer as humanity shifts its genuine ground and woefully departs  from us. Looking at present scenario, to be human is to have no sympathy and kindness in people. It is all negative for the progress and prosperity of human development. The time defines humanity is to be more self-centered, self-seeking, egoistic, ego-centric, individualistic, unhelpful, unsympathetic and so on. Can humanity get regarded then? Insanity humanity embodies is: war. Paradoxically, humanity is war creator, a violent raiser. It is generating the clashes and conflicts, confrontation and riots. It is how no peace is felt neither in the North and no humanity is safe in South, the complete West is wasting its time and money in wars  and no any pacifism practiced in the East. In the name of First world and Third world we are fighting within ourselves. We are further fighting in the name of superiority and inferiority, religion and race, modernization and industrialization, ideology and politics
The road to humanity is hazy, where humanity means wrong-doing, it means to involve in arson, to vandalize the public properties and become the miscreants. Day by day we are adding new adjectives to refer to humanity.  Furthermore now in reality, humanity means full of injustice, inequalities, malpractices, horrors, deep anxiety, political oppression, suppression, lack of values, culture, feelings, social disintegration, sentiments, etc. The problem may have come as “ ...that humanity is not an object. It is nothing but a fiction” (53 Tolstoy). Maybe people are not that much aware about the degrading state of humanity because they could not notice any significant changes with the ever lowering rung of humanity.
The emerging dimension of humanity is non-law abiding nature in humans which is also an anarchical condition. To some extent, the present state of humanity is something like the total absence of humanity where nobody regards nobody, just take an instance of father and son. So degradingly, humanity is to have and get a non-justifiable practice that leads the whole world as the hell. Inferring on the down-fall of humanity, Gandhi claims “The things that will destroy us are: politics without principle; pleasure without conscience; wealth without work; knowledge without character; business without morality; science without humanity; and worship without sacrifice”  (Gandhi 2). Gandhi could have thought that there is not a proper balance maintained between science and humanity. One thing greatly visible is: human progress has given unnecessarily importance to science and scientific innovations even taking humanity at risk. In Gandhian view, political leaders without principles, money making tendency through any means, are liable for the bitter picture of humanity, a few to indicate.  So, it is the consequence: the degrading state of humanity.
As a recent form of humanity, war comes itself as a killer. Either religious, political, cultural or social wars or wars such as national, international, local whatever sort of do nothing good to nobody. Only the benefit goes to arms and ammunition factories of developed countries. Thus, wars causing a huge number of deaths and massive loss of property should be stopped soon to keep the further road of humanity intact. Philosophers like Kant claims, it is only possible if humanity is treated as “kingdom of ends.” They believe humanity as a supreme goal for everyone lifting ourselves from excessive nationalism, extreme self-centeredness, self-seeking behaviour, egoistic nature, ego-centric individualism, unhelpful, heartless or unsympathetic tendency.  
Helen Keller’s following lines matter a lot to us which  are not mere suggestive in tone but also picturizes the war raged society: Strike against war, for without you no battles can be fought. ... Be not dumb, obedient slaves in an army of destruction. Be heroes in an army of construction (Keller 5).
Helen probably wants change in the presence of absence and absence of presence. She requests and calls us humbly for standing ourselves against wars, murders, preparedness and a destructive agent. Every human should be derived by the spirit of preserving the seed of humanity. It can be done  changing ourselves the army of construction.
Those humans who involve in war or violence (war supremo or violence maestro) should not forget the fact that it benefits no one. The history is a witness of ancient wars in between Greeks and Trojans, the World War I and II that had proved the futility of war. Whoever is declared to be the winner or losers, no winner is a real winner but he loses instead. War victors never win the heart of people whose family members have been killed. Do we want to invite and enjoy or discard the terrible war in human form? It is an option for all we humans either you follow Buddha or a bomb. Let us direct ourselves for the welfare of humanity, “The sole meaning of life is to serve humanity by contributing to the establishment of the kingdom of God, which can only be done by the recognition and profession of the truth by every man” (Tolstoy 173-74). It is everyone’s responsibility to establish the city of God considering the humanity as the kingdom of ends.
Humanity though defined differently by different philosophers and scholars as having competency, courage, generosity, decency and humane qualities. Unfortunately, the mankind has forgotten the virtues and learnt the qualities of other extremes that have defamed greatness of so called civilized humanity. Presently, humanity is changing its focus and locus and turning to be worse and worse. But we should not forget Einstein saying, we cannot despair of humanity, since we ourselves are human beings. Thus, we must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is an ocean; if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become dirty as optimistically Gandhi maintains.
Works  Cited
Famous Quotes of Gandhi. Web July 26. <>.
Hornby, A. S. Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary. Ed. A. P. Cowie. New York, Calcutta:  
            Oxford University Press. 1989.
Keller, Helen. Strike Against War. New York. Jan. 5, 1916. Web July 27.
Mautner, Thomas. A Dictionary of Philosophy. Blackwell Publishers Inc. Cambridge and  
Massachusetts, 2004. 
Tolstoy, Leo. The Kingdom of God is within You. Web July 28.

Perpetual Search for Interdependence

Saturday, January 28, 2012

A Poem Dedicated to Goddess Sophia

Context: Basant Panchami, 2068

Goddess Saraswati

 ~Krishna Kumar Yogi

Children, we all ourselves are committed to You, Devi (Goddess of knowledge)
Unconditionally we pray You,
Shower us with an eternal knowledge !
Unconditionally we pray You,
Shower us with an eternal knowledge !

Lightening ourselves vibrantly
With ‘the light of love’
Without fraudulence in heart at all,
Bearing the sense of ‘Bhakti’ (devotion),
Now, unconditionally we pray You.
     Children, we all ourselves are committed to You, Devi (Goddess of knowledge)………………

Sublimating our life
With the gems of truth, non-violence, service and love
Go, we forward singing,
On ‘the touchstone of discipline’,
     Children, we all ourselves are committed to You, Devi (Goddess of knowledge)………………

Maintaining our pride
With our language, dress up and religion of our own
Serve, we tirelessly to our motherland,
Harmonizing among us: with the sense of oneness,
     Children, we all ourselves are committed to You, Devi (Goddess of knowledge)………………

Flagging the commitment this includes
Focusing on Humanity, Spirituality, and culture of our own
Pray, we for tremendous power,
Offering ourselves whole heartedly into,
      Children, we all ourselves are committed to You, Devi (Goddess of knowledge)………………